Bad recycling habits – and how to break them
Recycling is a wonderful thing; if it’s done correctly. But many well-meaning people may unwittingly be contributing to the waste crisis by following some bad recycling habits…
In the UK we’ve always been taught to crush aluminium cans, peel off labels, take off screw tops, and use cardboard cartons over plastic wherever possible. But according to a leading sustainability and recycling expert, all this could be doing more harm than good.
A recent BBC news article brought to light some interesting recycling revelations following a conversation on Radio 4 with James Piper, author of The Rubbish Book.
Having worked in the industry for over a decade and spent a lot of time working with recycling professionals, Piper realised he had an opportunity to write down all the rules and principles that he’d learned over the years. He went through various websites such as Recycle Now, run by the charity WRAP (The Waste and Resources Action Programme), interviewed colleagues in the industry and recyclers themselves and asked – what makes something more likely to make it through the process and be recycled?
One thing Piper observed during the research process, was the fact that nothing seemed simple. He decided to write a book which would distil information in a way that would uncomplicate the facts and leave readers with tips that were easy to remember and easy to implement.
Here are 6 of his top tips to help you up your recycling game:
1. DON’T crush bottles and cans
“If you’ve been crushing your cans and bottles before popping them in the bin, you’ve actually been reducing their likelihood of getting recycled”, says Piper.“When mixed recycling is collected from our homes, it’s likely to go to a material recycling facility, which is also called a MRF [pronounced murf]. The way that MRFs sort recycling is by shape and size and so if we crush something like a can or a bottle it may get misread as paper.”
2. DON’T take off labels and lids
Leave labels and lids on packaging. “If we take the lids off or the labels off then those are much less likely to get recycled,” says the sustainability expert. On their own, they are too small to sort. Better to leave lids and labels on bottles as that will increase the likelihood that they get through that sorting facility.
3. Follow the tennis ball rule
As a general rule, anything smaller than a tennis ball is very difficult to sort. If you’re putting aluminium foil in the bin its always best to scrunch the aluminium foil into a ball bigger than a tennis ball.
4. Beware the anti-plastic rhetoric
Piper works with large companies to help them improve their sustainability and finds some are getting it wrong: they’re making switches based on consumer demand – but the consumer is not always right.
“There’s a large anti-plastic rhetoric out there so they’re likely to move away from plastic into something else,” says Piper. “But this isn’t always the greenest move. Recently there are news stories about companies moving from HDPE milk bottles, which are collected by every council and likely to be recycled, into a cardboard carton with a plastic liner inside because the consumer believes that is a better product. But ultimately that is less likely to get recycled; it’s less likely to be collected by a council.”
So one of the things we need to be careful with, as consumers, is to just go along with this anti-plastic rhetoric. We may miss opportunities to increase recycling by using plastic, and cause retailers to move over to packaging that is actually less likely to be recycled.
5. Think before you bin
“An organisation called Hubbub did some research that found+ that on average we spend less than two seconds on how to recycle something,” says Piper. “One of the things I really wanted to do was help people become better critical thinkers and spend five seconds stood at the bin thinking what to do.”
The next time you’re about to throw something in the recycling bin, stop, think and check you’ve got it right!
6. Be a critical thinker
“We need to be critical too when we read stories and stats”, says the sustainability expert.
“For example, most of us would herald the 5p carrier bag charge as a good thing and believe that it’s reduced the amount of plastic that we’re using. Actually, what that 5p carrier bag charge has done is caused a lot of us to buy ‘bags for life.’”
“There was a report done by Greenpeace that showed on average people buy 57 bags for life a year, which is huge, and actually plastic use in carrier bags has gone up by 440% according to reports, rather than down as we all believe. Why do we think it’s gone down? Because the Government’s reporting only reflects single use carrier bag data, and not this negative knock-on effect. So, it’s about being critical when we read stories.”